How to remove controller name from URL in CodeIgniter

In CodeIgniter or any MVC application, the regular URL structure is like which appear as  But sometimes we may want to omit the controller name here to make the url more beautiful like or even as best url.

This beautiful url can be achieve through the URI Routing of CodIgniter. In
For, use this code


application/config/route.php file, you’ve to write following code for

  $route['user/(:any)']             = "user/profile/$1";

For, use this code

  $route['(:any)']                  = "user/profile/$1";

If you have multiple parameters like

public function profile($username, $city)
     echo "You are ".$username." from ".$city;

Your route will be

  $route['(:any)/(:any)']                  = "user/profile/$1/$2";

If you want to use number in parameter instead of string like these examples, you need to use (:num) instead of (:any).

If you are looking for something like modifying URL, I hope this post may help you. If you’ve any further question, you can comment bellow.

Remove index.php from URL to avoid duplicate content issue

You want to redirect to ? Are you tired of finding proper solution about how to Remove index.php from URL to avoid duplicate content issue  or to redirect index.php to actual URL without index.php? You are in the right place mate!

I am a PHP based developer and most of time I use CodeIgniter as my php framework. Those who use CodeIgniter and obviously other framework, we use some technique to remove index.php  from our URL to make it more clean, short , Web 2.0 friendly and penitentially to avoid duplicate content issue in Google Web Master. In CodeIgniter, we do it in two steps:

How to remove index.php from URL in CodeIgniter

Step 1: We update application/config/config.php file

//keep the variable empty to remove index.php after your domain name
$config['index_page'] = '';

Step 2: We update our .htaccess file as

RewriteEngine on
Options -Indexes
RewriteBase /
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-f
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-d
RewriteRule ^(.*)$ index.php/$1 [L]

Cool! That removes index.php from our URL.. thats really great… but wait! What if anyone put index.php in your url like ? Yes that is still accessible and duplicate content of .

How I removed the index.php from url

I had the same problem in one of my project and needed to solve it. I spend hours to solve it but couldn’t found any solution until I found this post htaccess remove index.php from url in stackoverflow. I just put following lines in my .htaccess file

RewriteCond %{THE_REQUEST} ^GET.*index\.php [NC]
RewriteRule (.*?)index\.php/*(.*) /$1$2 [R=301,NE,L]

and my problem solved.

Now if you intentionally write in your address bar, it will be converted to . I guess your problem is solved to.

Let me know if it helps you


CodeIgniter .htaccess and index.php issues – Solution

CodeIgniter index.php and .htaccess issue ruined my last night. I’ve solved this simple issue many times before but not any solution was working that time.

Few days before today, I was working in a client project which I’ve been demonstrating to my client from my personal demo server which is a HostGator Baby Plan Hosting.  The site was running fine in my local pc (Win7 running XAMPP 1.7.7 running the site in VirtualHost) and in my demo server but when I push the code in client’s staging server (Rackspace Cloud server with CentOS 6.4, Apache2 ) , I was getting a 404 Page Not Found error message. First I checked my .htaccess file and it was same as my demo server, same as my local pc which is

RewriteEngine on
Options -Indexes
RewriteBase /
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-f
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-d
RewriteRule ^(.*)$ index.php/$1 [L]

In my config.php file, I set

$config['base_url'] = '';
$config['index_page'] = '';

but nothing was working. I tried every solution I used before and I found over Internet but couldn’t find any perfect solution to solve my problem.

Everything seems fine and I was getting frustrated. Finally one solution I found where it says, I’ve to edit my httpd.conf file

httpd.conf File location in CentOS 6.4
httpd.conf File location in CentOS 6.4

and change AllowOverride None to AllowOverride All and saintly this solution worked Perfectly.

VirtualHost settings
VirtualHost settings to remove index.php file in CentOS 6.4

What Problem this was?

With my little understanding on server things, I understand that though we set the rule in .hetaccess to remove the index.php file, it was not fully permitted by staging.conf file. When working in Windows with XAMPP, this file location is in your drive:\xampp\apache\conf\extra\httpd-vhosts.conf

If you still reading, let me know if the solution work for you or If I need to update this posting in anywhere. I am open to creative suggestions 🙂